After crafting your band 7+ Introduction, the next thing is to pen or pencil down your Body Paragraphs.
Components/Structure of a Good Paragraph:
- Topic sentence (which embodies the main idea, ie. your first idea) – First sentence
- Developing sentence: This explains the first sentence further. I usually start this sentence with “That is…” or “That is to say,…”. This shows the reader that you want to explain the idea further in the next sentence.
- Relevant example – This is the 3rd sentence in the paragraph. It further supports the main idea in the paragraph.
NB: The example must not be a real life event, you are free to fabricate, but it must be relevant to the topic sentence.
Categories of Examples include:
- Your personal experiences (fabricated or real)
- Studies/research done
- Your friends/colleagues’ experience (fabricated or real)
- Any other relevant scenario
- Concluding sentence. Summary or paraphrase of the topic sentence in a concluding manner. (This is optional but I usually put it to maximize my scores.)
Some Points To Note:
This order shud be followed for the purpose of the IELTS Writing subtest. Try to make your paragraph with error-free 4 sentences.
Instead of having more than 4 sentences, endeavour to link two simple sentences and make them complex.
Keep it simple and professional at all times. Make the work easier for your examiner or reader and maximize your scores.
The more you vary your key words in the essay, the more marks you get.
Remember to use cohesive devices. Such as “furthermore, therefore, whereas, while, Be that as it may, etc.”
Other cohesive devices are “Although, though, nevertheless”
Avoid high sounding vocabularies.
If you can, link your second paragraph with your first. If you can….But if you can’t no problem.
Use more moderate vocabulary.
To reiterate, remember to vary your key words. For example, if “developing countries” is used in the introduction, you shouldn’t repeat it verbatim in the paragraphs. You can change to “developing nations”.
If you have to be rhetorical, thats beautiful…more marks for you.
That is, asking rhetorical questions in your essay.
This whole main body paragraphs should take you 20 mins to do.
I usually plan two main body paragraphs in all my essays.
So 10mins each.
A Sample Body Paragraph
Many people believe that countries should produce food for the whole population and import as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Let’s write the Introduction and Main Body Paragraphs:
A lot of individuals believe that nations should make food available for everybody and bring in small quantity of such edibles from other countries. I am strongly in agreement to this assertion because the production of comestible by a country is cost effective and ensures availability of quality foodstuffs for the citizenry.
Firstly, cost reduction is a good reason for a nation to manufacture it’s own food. That is to say that, when it is produced within a country, a lesser amount of money will be spent compared to the imported ones. For example, a research carried out in 2019 in Ghana by the students studying agriculture stated that budget made on food supply in the country reduced by twenty percent, when the country produced most of its product. Hence more money will be saved when food is made within the nation.
Lastly, quality product is assured and made available for everyone. When agricultural produce are mostly made available within the country, the value of the product is ascertained. This is because the method of production are visible to the people as well as being monitored by regulatory government agencies. For instance, In 2019, the Nigerian government restricted the use of only rice produced in the country. This is because the edibles were of good quality compared to the imported ones. Hence, the foodstuffs made available within the nation are more original and readily accessible.
From the above sample paragraphs, note that all components are well represented with error free sentences and varying moderate vocabulary.
Let’s look at the first main body paragraph 👇
Topic sentence 👉 Firstly, cost reduction is a good reason for a nation to manufacture it’s own food.
Developing sentence 👉 That is to say that, when it is produced within a country, a lesser amount of money will be spent compared to the imported ones.
Supporting/relevant example 👉 For example, a research carried out in 2019 in Ghana by the students studying agriculture stated that budget made on food supply in the country reduced by twenty percent, when the country produced most of its product.
Concluding sentence 👉 Hence more money will be saved when food is made within the nation.
Practice! Practice!! Practice!!!